Cancer is a general term for a group of diseases caused due to the rapid growth of abnormal cells in your body and it will spread to other tissues and organs. Cancer occurs due to the DNA mutations in your cells. These mutations may be inherited or can occur by birth. Environmental factors can also cause DNA mutations that may lead to cancer. These factors include:
- Exposure to carcinogens
- Radiation exposure
- Harmful rays of the sun
- Viruses like human papilloma virus
There are different types of cancer that affect the human body. It can affect any organ of the body and may spread to other parts if not treated in the early stages. Some of the common types of cancer are breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, etc.
Different Treatments For Cancer
The main aim of cancer treatments is to completely cure cancer and allow you to live a normal life span. Based on your condition you may receive one treatment or a combination of treatment. In cases where complete cure is not an option, the doctors use the treatment to shrink cancer or slow down the progression of tumor cells. Los Angeles cancer treatment center provides patients all the available cancer treatment for their quick recovery.
Let’s take a look at some of the common cancer treatments
It is the type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy the rapidly growing tumor cells in the body. An oncologist works with you to come up with a treatment plan. They often combine chemotherapy with other cancer treatments. This depends on the type of cancer and its progression, your health, the affected body part, and previous cancer treatment you have had.
Surgery is done on the cancer patient for totally removing cancer or removing as much as possible. The surgeons have to cut the affected part out in order to prevent it from spreading to other organs.
This type of cancer treatment uses X-rays or protons, which are high-powered energy beams for killing the cancer cells.
Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant or also known as stem cell transplant allows an oncologist to use high doses of chemotherapy for treating your cancer.
Sometimes our own hormones fuel certain types of cancer. Hormone therapy focuses on removing such hormones from the body or blocking their effects to stop the cancer cells from growing.
This treatment uses our own immune system to fight cancer growth. Immunotherapy allows our immune system to identify cancer cells as a foreign body and attack it.